Use these tips for safe driving in snow and early winter weather.
winter driving is dangerous and can be terrifying, even for well-seasoned motorists. The American Automobile Association ’ sulfur ( AAA ) Foundation for Traffic Safety says snow-clad roads – deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as roads coated with internal-combustion engine, slush or water – account for closely 500,000 fomite crashes and more than 2,000 road deaths each winter .
“ When we hit the winter months, specially as we enter the vacation season, we are in a bang. There is vacation patronize, there are places to go. You start to see an increase in people becoming more erratic in their drive demeanor because they are in a rush for the holidays. You throw coke and ice on top of it, and it becomes a likely calamity, ” said Dave Phillips, senior public affairs specialist at State Farm Insurance .
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Tips for Safe Winter Driving in Snow
1. Stay Home
If the weather is bad, stay home. only go out if necessary .
2. Remove Snow and Ice
Before you clear off the windows, start the cable car, set the airflow to defrost, the sports fan focal ratio to maximum and the temperature to high. The goal is for the driver to have an unobstructed scene in all directions .
Carry a brush to remove coke on the fomite ’ s ceiling, hood, luggage compartment lid, and all windows before driving. Use a scraper or a credit card if necessity, to remove ice on the car windows and mirrors .
besides, make sure the inside window glass is clean in all directions. It can take longer to defrost ice and snow if the rise glass is dirty. besides, check to see if the rear-window defroster is working. Be careful when cleaning the field glass to avoid damaging the defroster wires .
3. Decrease Speed
winter force is all about slowing down, giving yourself plenty of distance between vehicles in front and to the side of your fomite. Lower your amphetamine to account for poorer grip. A fomite ’ mho tires will slide on snow and ice, thus lightly press down on the bracken pedal to stop. Your tires will spin when accelerate, so lightly press down on the catalyst to go. Remember, bridges and overpasses freeze first gear .
4. Minimize Distractions
There are constantly distractions that come into play as part of everyday driving – the temptation to speak on the cell earphone, turn on a podcast, or anything else .
“ You actually need to focus your attention more so on what is going on out that windshield when the weather is bad, ” Phillips said. The risk of an accident greatly increases when snow and ice cover the street. “ You have to be more cautious and argus-eyed. You besides have to be aware of everybody else out there on the road in battlefront of you and peripherally, people who may not be practicing the same ( dependable ) driving principles you are using. ”
5. Use AWD and 4WD
Driving in snow, sleet and ice can be helped with all-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. But, it ’ second no panacea for condom drive habits. Learn the remainder between AWD and 4WD .
Phillips describes the misguided belief of it this way :
“ You can get a false sense of security system remember that because I have a 4WD ( or AWD ) vehicle I am dependable. I have supernumerary traction and extra grip is implied as excess base hit, ” Phillips said. “ Hence I am going to speed, or I am not going to pay as close care as I would in a sedan that doesn ’ t have those features. ”
What those drivers fail to realize is that their SUV ’ mho steering, brake, cornering and general maneuverability on coke, splash and ice are helped by AWD and 4WD. however, no count what type of vehicle you ’ ra drive, merely, slow down .
6. Keep a Full Tank of Gas
Fill up your gasoline tank ahead of the storm and keep it full. You don ’ thymine want to run out of gasoline if you end up stick for hours in bumper-to-bumper traffic during a blizzard, sleet or ice storm. When the tank gets half empty, fill it up .
7. Invest in Sand
You credibly will get stuck in the coke this winter. That ’ s why it ’ s a good idea to keep a bag of backbone or kitty litter in the cable car. space sandpaper or kitty litter under the drive wheels if you get stuck. Straighten the wheels and accelerate slowly .
Do not spin the tires because you likely will dig deeper into the snow, making it more unmanageable to move on .
8. School Your Teen Drivers on Driving in Snow
There may be a few exceptions, but credibly close to 100 percentage of us learned the basics of driving on dry pavement. To prepare teens for winter drive, take them to a park distribute that is covered with snow to demonstrate brake, steering, accelerating and decelerating. Do this before the driver hits the slippery streets on their own, Phillips said.
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9. Respect Snowplows
Snowplow drivers focus on unclutter roadways. At the like time, the snowplow driver may be on the radio getting instructions from a superintendent. As a result, it could be that peripheral imagination gets obstructed by the flying snow and the truck ’ s big snowplow. The driver may not see your vehicle. ‘ You need to be very aware of what they are doing, ” Phillips said .
In accession, watch out when driving future to a snowplow on a major roadway. The snow that flies off the sides of the plow can hit your windshield making it difficult to see the road. To be safe, keep a distance from any snowplow on the road .
10. Watch for Deer
Keep an eye out for changing weather conditions and deer. November is the No. 1 calendar month for vehicle collisions with deer, followed by October and December. “ The erratic demeanor of deer, unfortunately, is happening during the snow season, ” Phillips said .
11. Be on the Lookout for Black Ice
The pavement looks moisture but it is actually ice-covered. Black ice is the terminus used to describe this condition. During the day the methamphetamine and snow may thaw, but as the temperature drops in late good afternoon or evening, the water may turn to ice on the roadway. “ Pay attention to changing temperature conditions, ” Phillips said .
many vehicles post the outside temperature on the instrument panel display or elsewhere in the vehicle – as it gets close to or below freeze, beware .
12. Don’t Use Cruise Control
Resist the urge to use cruise see when driving in snow, frost or slush. The road may be wet, but there still might be black frost or unplowed snow ahead .
These conditions could result in losing control of the vehicle when driving on cruise control because the system may not react vitamin a quickly as you can if you feel a passing in grip .
13. Invest in New Wiper Blades
Safety first gear ! Streaky and pall windshield wiper blades need to be replaced. Your imagination through the windshield will look better only when windshield wiper blades get replaced. Want to find out the cost to replace your windshield wiper blades ? Check out our sustenance and repair price cock and Service and Repair guide to help you price out raw wiper blades .
14. Fill Up Windshield Washer Fluid
frequently check the windshield fluid. Use a fluent that does not freeze and keep a gallon of the fluid in the vehicle. This will help keep you dependable if you run out. Always keep an extra gallon in the car during winter .
15. Clean Headlights, Taillights
Lights can get quickly covered with coke, methamphetamine, and splash. Use a rag, tissue, paper towel or a newspaper to clean each light up. As a driver, you want to see deoxyadenosine monophosphate army for the liberation of rwanda as possible ahead and you want drivers to see you, excessively .
A headlight ’ second or taillight ’ s visibility can be reduced by over 50 percentage if the lights are covered with winter dirty. Keep extra dry annoy in the car for this function .
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16. Check Tire Pressure and Tread
Check tires monthly to determine that each tire is by rights inflated and that each has a sufficient measure of tread. If the tread looks wear down, replace your tires. That ’ s where your local automotive franchise military service department or bore retailer comes in, supplying you with the like Original Equipment Manufacturer ( OEM ) tires that your vehicle was wearing when it first rolled off the assembly note .
“ You are going to see a atrophied performance in traction ( and ) the stopping distance will take longer ” if there is very little tread remaining on the tires, said David Bennett, coach of AAA ’ s repair systems. “ As you get into the ice and snow, you want to make sure that you have good traction, and that starts with your tires. ”
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17. Inspect the Spare Tire
Don ’ t be caught this winter with a flat spare run down. Check the air out atmospheric pressure on a monthly footing and carry a portable air compressor .
18. Keep Your Tire Repair Kit Current
Some automakers have replaced the spare bore with a tire repair kit. The kit consists of a minor compressor, hose and a bottle of compact, awkward sealant that is forced through the valve into the tire. AAA recommends checking the kit out ’ s exhalation date and replacing it when necessary. Some kits should be replaced every four years .
19. Don’t Block the Radiator with Cardboard
AAA ’ s Bennett says, don ’ metric ton do it. Some drivers in the Snowbelt regions place a bombastic nibble of cardboard in movement of the vehicle ’ south radiator. The determination is to increase the temperature of the coolant flowing through the engine and radiator. This, in act, increases the temperature of the air flowing through the heat exchanger, giving passengers a toasty environment .
“ That is not a great idea because ( cardboard ) prevents airflow from coming across the radiator, which could cause the engine to overheat, ” Bennett said .
If the driver forgets to remove the cardboard when the outside temperature rises above freeze, there could be good, expensive engine damage, leaving you stranded on the highway.
20. Carry Emergency Supplies
design for the unexpected. Pack non-perishable food, bottled water, blankets, a flashlight, cellular telephone, cellular telephone battery, first-aid kit, air compressor, tire-pressure gauge, a small shovel, jumper cables, extra jacket, boots, gloves, and your prescription drugs .
As above, a bag of kitten litter or sand that can be used for traction under a bore is besides a good estimate. It might besides come in handy to keep a bag of environmentally-friendly ice dissolve in the car .