The UEFA Champions League is one of the most prestigious tournaments in all of sports. Here’s everything you need lớn know about the pre-eminent club bóng đá tournament in the world, which has been played annually since 1955 .
What is the UEFA Champions League?
The UEFA Champions League is a đá bóng tournament of 32 teams that compete in five rounds for the right phệ be crowned the best club in European đá bóng .
When did the UEFA Champions League start?
The first UEFA Champions League tournament was held during the 1955 – 56 season, & it has been held every year since .UEFA
How has the tournament changed since 1955?
The inaugural tournament, then known as the European Cup ( up until 1992 ), had just 16 teams competing in four knockout rounds ( first ván, quarterfinals, semifinals và final ). Real Madrid defeated Reims 4-3 mập chiến hạ the tiêu đề in the first tournament .In 1960, the tournament expanded phệ 32 teams ( adding an additional ải ) & kept the rest of the format the same. In 1992, UEFA ( Union of European Football Associations ) changed the name of the tournament mập the UEFA Champions League & replaced the first trận with a nhóm stage .The 32 teams were split into eight groups of four, with each đội playing the other three teams in their respective nhóm in a double round-robin format. The winner & runner-up of each nhóm advanced lớn the màn of 16, where the teams would then continue the usual knockout-stage process ( ải of 16, quarterfinals, semifinals và final ) .
How are the teams selected?
The number of teams each association enters into the UEFA Champions League is based upon the UEFA coefficients of the thành viên associations. Thes e scores are generated by the results of clubs representing each association during the previous five UEFA Champions League & UEFA Europa League seasons. The higher an association’s coefficient, the more teams represent the association in the Champions League & the fewer qualification rounds the association’s teams must compete in .Since the 2009 – 10 season, the UEFA Champions League offers two qualification ” streams ” for teams that bởi not receive direct entry béo the tournament. The two streams are divided between teams qualified by virtue of being a domestic league champion, và those qualified by virtue of being second through fourth in their domestic league. Five teams from each qualifying stream earn a place in the nhóm stage .The other 22 teams qualified automatically, either as the defending UCL champion, the defending UEL champion or through their respective domestic leagues. Each of the top 12 ranked associations in the UEFA coefficients are guaranteed at least one spot, with more spots being allocated the higher a league’s coefficient is .
What happens once the 32 teams qualify?
The 32 teams are split into four different ” pots, ” with the restriction that teams from the same association could not be drawn against each other. For the draw, the teams were seeded into four pots based on the following principles :• Pot một contains the Champions League titleholders, the Europa League titleholders và the champions of the top six associations based on their UEFA coefficients. If either the Champions League or Europa League titleholders were one of the champions of the top six associations, the champions of the association ranked seventh, và possibly eighth, are also seeded into Pot 1 .• Pots 2, 3 and bốn contain the remaining teams, seeded based on their 2018 UEFA club coefficients .Then, a đội is drawn from each pot until there are eight groups of four .
How does the group stage work?
The 32 teams compete in a double round-robin format called the nhóm stage. The nhóm winners và runners-up advance bự the ván of 16, the first ải of the knockout phase. The teams are ranked by points. Three points are awarded for a chiến hạ, one point is awarded for a tie và no points are awarded for a loss. According lớn UEFA, if tied on points, the following tiebreaking criteria are applied :1. higher number of points obtained in the nhóm matches played among the teams in question .2. superior goal difference from the nhóm matches played among the teams in question .tam. higher number of goals scored in the nhóm matches played among the teams in question .bốn. higher number of goals scored away from trang chủ in the nhóm matches played among the teams in question .If after having applied criteria 1. through bốn., teams still have an equal ranking, criteria 1. through bốn. are reapplied exclusively lớn the matches between the remaining teams béo determine their final rankings. If this procedure does not lead lớn a decision, criteria 5. through 12. apply in the order given mập the two or more teams still equal .5. superior goal difference in all nhóm matches .6. higher number of goals scored in all nhóm matches .7. higher number of away goals scored in all nhóm matches .tám. higher number of wins in all nhóm matches .9. higher number of away wins in all nhóm matches .10. lower disciplinary points total based only on yellow và red cards received in all nhóm matches ( red thẻ = ba points, yellow thẻ = một point, expulsion for two yellow cards in one match = ba points ) .11. higher club coefficient .
How does the knockout phase work?
A draw takes place for the màn of 16. The 16 remaining clubs are split into two pots of eight, with one containing the winners of each respective nhóm from the nhóm stage & the other holding the runners-up .A club is drawn from each pot lớn determine what the matchups would be, with the conditions that a winner và runner-up who played in the same nhóm in the previous ải cannot be drawn together again & that clubs from the same domestic league cannot play one another .The quarterfinal & semifinal draws bởi vì not have clubs split into separate pots. As a result, any remaining club can be drawn together regardless of whether or not they are a nhóm winner or runner-up, played in the same one in the nhóm stage or are clubs from the same domestic league. As the draws for the quarterfinals & semifinals are held together before the quarterfinals are played, the identity of the quarterfinal winners is not known at the phút giây of the semifinal draw .
Knockout-Phase Legs and Tiebreakers
Two teams are drawn together for each trận of the knockout phase, apart from the final. The teams play two matches, with each squad playing one match at trang chủ. Each match is known as a ” leg. ” The nhóm winners host the second leg in the ván of 16. The nhóm that scores more goals end the two legs advances lớn the next ván .If the aggregate score is màn chơi, the away-goals rule is applied. Therefore, the club that scores more goals away from trang chính end the two legs advances. If away goals are also equal, then extra phút giây ( an additional 30 minutes ) is played. The away-goals rule is again applied after extra thời gian. Therefore, if there are goals scored during extra thời gian và the aggregate score is still màn chơi, the visiting nhóm advances by virtue of more away goals scored .If no goals are scored during extra thời gian, the winners are decided by a penalty shootout. In a penalty shootout, the đội that scores more penalties in a frame of five attempts wins. If the two teams are still tied after five attempts, they continue phệ alternate players until one scores their penalty & the other does not .In the final ( which is played as a single match in a neutral venue ), if the score is cấp độ at the over of normal giây phút, extra thời gian is played. If the score is still cấp độ after extra phút giây, the winner is decided by a penalty shootout .UEFA
UEFA Champions League Schedule
June-August : QualificationLate August : Group-Stage DrawSeptember-December : Group-Stage MatchdaysDecember : Round-of-16 DrawFebruary-March : Round of 16Late March : Quarterfinal & Semifinal DrawsApril : QuarterfinalsLate April-Early May : SemifinalsLate May / Early June : Final
How do I watch the UEFA Champions League?
Every match is available lớn stream on B / R Live. You can buy a monthly or yearly subscription, or purchase individual matches for $ 2.99. Sign up for B / R Live here .Watching from the UK ? Every match is available on BT Sport, the BT Sport App và Thể Thao. BT.com .
Which teams have won the UEFA Champions League title in previous years?
1. Real Madrid: 13 titles (1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018)
2. AC Milan: 7 titles (1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007)
T3. Bayern Munich: 5 titles (1974, 1975, 1976, 2001, 2013)
T3. Liverpool: 5 titles (1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005)
T3. Barcelona: 5 titles (1992, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2015)
6. Ajax: 4 titles (1971, 1972, 1973, 1995)
T7. Inter Milan: 3 titles (1964, 1965, 2010)
T7. Manchester United: 3 titles (1968, 1999, 2008)
T9. Benfica: 2 titles (1961, 1962)
T9. Nottingham Forest: 2 titles (1979, 1980)
T9. Juventus: 2 titles (1985, 1996)
T9. FC Porto: 2 titles (1987, 2004)
T13. Celtic: 1 title (1967)
T13. Feyenoord: 1 title (1970)
T13. Aston Villa: 1 title (1982)
T13. Hamburg: 1 title (1983)
T13. Steaua Bucuresti: 1 title (1986)
T13. PSV Eindhoven: 1 title (1988)
T13. Red Star Belgrade: 1 title (1991)
T13. Marseille: 1 title (1993)
T13: Borussia Dortmund: 1 title (1997)
T13. Chelsea: 1 title (2012)